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The Test


Entrapment occurs when: 


  1. The authorities provide a person with an opportunity to commit an offence without acting on a reasonable suspicion that this person is already engaged in criminal activity or pursuant to a bona fide inquiry; or

  1. Although having such reasonable suspicion or acting in the course of a bona fide inquiry, they go beyond providing an opportunity and induce the commission of an offence: R v Argent, 2016 ONCA 129 at para 8 [quote]

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